Lucia’s experts’ beauty tips for eliminating pigmentation - reduce pigmentation with different treatments like chemical peels, laser therapies and HydraFacials.

Skin pigmentation disorders occur as a response of our skin cells, melanocytes in particular, to various external and internal stimuli, trauma, or inflammation. Melanocytes are cells that are responsible for pigment production, and their increased activity causes the appearance of skin discoloration, blemishes, age spots, melasma, and uneven skin tone and complexion.    Although irregular skin pigmentation can be difficult to treat, there are certain products, ingredients, formulas, and treatments known to reduce and eliminate skin discoloration and significantly improve its appearance and complexion.


Some natural oils have specific acid composition and properties that make them suitable for treating skin pigmentation disorders. These oils contain natural enzymes, vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants that protect the skin from different pigmentation problems and can prevent future hyperpigmentation issues as well.  In particular, rosehip oil, tamanu oil, or sea buckthorn oil are among the most sought-after natural oils, due to their impressive skin brightening properties.


Vitamin C is probably one of the most well-known ingredients available on the market that helps treat skin pigmentation. This powerful antioxidant brightens the skin by inhibiting an enzyme called tyrosinase, which stimulates melanin production. Although our bodies produce vitamin C naturally, this process decreases as we age, so it is essential to include it into a regular skincare routine. When it comes to its ability to penetrate the surface of the skin, the most effective form of vitamin C is L-ascorbic acid (L-AA), so make sure to choose products containing this acid for achieving the best results.


Azelaic acid is one of those skincare ingredients which has numerous benefits for the skin. Apart from being widely used for treating acne and rosacea, this naturally occurring acid has proven very successful in addressing various skin pigmentation issues. It targets only hyperpigmented skin areas and helps brighten the skin by destroying melanocytes. Azelaic acid does not cause photosensitivity and is suitable for all skin types, which makes it a key ingredient of many quality skin pigmentation products that help improve discoloration, such as PCA Skin Pigment Gel.


Retinoids are forms of vitamin A which are considered powerful ingredients in treating acne, reducing wrinkles and fine lines, and addressing skin pigmentation issues. The specific molecular structure of retinoids allows them to penetrate the deeper layers of the skin, thus making them very successful in reducing hyperpigmentation. Even though retinoids come both in OTC versions and as prescriptions, their OTC formula is usually weaker, so if you are looking for more drastic results consult a dermatologist to give you a prescription.


In-office chemical peels use highly concentrated acids to treat hyperpigmentation and improve the skin’s appearance. The acids help exfoliate the skin’s surface layer, thus removing the epidermis and enabling the healthy skin cells to resurface. In addition, they work to inhibit enzymes used in melanin production, which results in brighter and more radiant skin. Depending on the acids used, chemical peels can help minimize and address issues such as hyperpigmentation, stretch marks, skin blemishes, sun damage, age spots, chloasma, and melasma.


Microdermabrasion is a professional, non-invasive cosmetic treatment that simultaneously exfoliates dead skin cells and delivers carefully curated formulas to the deeper layers of the skin. This skin resurfacing procedure is suitable for every skin type and, apart from tackling skin pigmentation disorders, it also improves the overall skin complexion. Advanced peptide technology used in microdermabrasion formulas that treat hyperpigmentation is remarkably efficient and does not normally cause any irritations to the skin.


Advanced fluorescent technology (AFT), is the next generation of powerful intense pulsed light (IPL) designed to increase emission and deliver a lower level energy light which minimizes the chances for any adverse effects. The treatment is used to treat vascular lesions, acne, rosacea, and skin pigmentation issues, such as freckles, age spots, and sun damage.AFT is safe, painless, time-efficient, requires no recovery time, and the result is radiant skin with visibly improved tone and texture.


Fractional photothermolysis laser, also known as Fraxel laser, is specially designed to create small thermal injuries to the skin that stimulate the production of elastin and collagen, reducing fine lines and wrinkles and improving the skin’s texture. At the same time, Fraxel laser causes healthy skin cells to resurface, which reduces hyperpigmentation and improves the overall appearance of the skin. Due to its advanced technology, Fraxel laser penetrates the skin to a very precise depth without causing any damage to the top layers of the skin. The treatment is safe, with minimal discomfort and little to no downtime.


HydraFacial is a hydradermabrasion procedure considered to be one of the most innovative cosmetic treatments due to its unique property to simultaneously clean, exfoliate and infuse the skin with carefully selected serums. This powerful facial gently removes dead cells accumulated on the skin, allowing serums to penetrate the skin’s surface. HydraFacial is highly effective in reducing hyperpigmentation, brown spots, fine lines and wrinkles, thus drastically improving the skin’s texture and appearance.


There are many different treatments and products that can help address various skin pigmentation issues and significantly improve the appearance of your skin. However, to determine the most appropriate option for your specific condition and achieve the desired results, contact us and schedule a free consultation with one of our experts.